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November is National Diabetes Month

By Bridgette Agee, RN

diabetesThere are two common types of Diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. Read on to learn more about the symptoms and treatments of each type, as well as who is at risk.

Type 1 is formerly known as Juvenile Diabetes because it often occurs in children. People who have type 1 cannot produce the necessary insulin to control their blood sugar. Type 2 often occurs in adults. With this type, people either do not produce enough insulin or have difficulties processing insulin. Both types can lead to dangerous complications if not controlled. 

Signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes often are associated with unusual thirst and frequent urination. Patients may also experience unexplained weight loss, lethargy, and problems with their eyesight. The same signs and symptoms may indicate type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be inherited or produced by poor diet and sedentary lifestyles.

Currently, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. Research indicates that this type of diabetes may be an autoimmune condition, where the body attacks cells in the pancreas and prevents production of insulin. Management of symptoms with daily glucose monitoring and insulin injections are required. Genetics and lifestyle play a role in type 2 diabetes. Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes monitoring blood glucose levels and may include certain diabetes medications. 

Both types of diabetes require consultation that includes a physical exam, review of medical history, and lab work with a metabolic specialist that can help you manage the disease. Most specialists recommend maintaining a healthy diet and incorporating daily exercise.